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On 30 March 2020, the Federal Government announced the introduction of the JobKeeper Payment. The payment is a wage subsidy paid by the Government to businesses significantly impacted by the Coronavirus.
This allows employers to continue paying their employees whether they are able to work or not.
The JobKeeper Payment will be available to eligible businesses and not-for-profits until 28 March 2021 (extended from 28 September 2020) however the JobKeeper payment rate will reduce and the eligibility criteria will change.
If you are an employer, you are eligible for the JobKeeper Payment if your business:
The ATO has discretion to consider additional information if your business was not in operation a year earlier or turnover a year earlier was not representative of usual or average turnover, to establish that your business has been significantly affected by Coronavirus. In addition, the ATO has discretion to set alternative tests to establish eligibility in specific circumstances (for example, as soon as a business ceases or significantly curtails operations).
There will be some tolerance where employers, in good faith, estimate a 30% or 50% reduction in turnover but actually experience a slightly smaller reduction.
Registered charities which estimate their turnover has or will likely reduce by 15% or more relative to a comparable period, are eligible to apply for the JobKeeper Payment.
From 28 September 2020, businesses and not-for-profits will need to reassess their eligibility for JobKeeper Payment by showing they have suffered an ongoing significant decline in turnover using actual GST turnover (rather than projected GST turnover) relative to a comparable quarter last year (2019) as shown in the table below.
However, businesses only need to show that their GST turnover has fallen over one quarter, instead of multiple quarter.
The other eligibility rules for businesses and not-for-profits and their employees remain unchanged.
Eligible for JobKeeper Payment for period
Must demonstrate the relevant decline in turnover using actual GST turnover (rather than projected GST turnover)
Decline in actual GST turnover
28 September 2020 to 3 January 2021
September (July, August, September) quarter 2020*
From 4 January 2021 to 28 March 2021
December quarter* (October, November, December) 2020
* relative to comparable period, generally the corresponding quarters in 2019.
Employers that are not eligible
The following employers are not eligible for JobKeeper Payment:
To qualify for the JobKeeper Payment as an employer, you must:
If you are self-employed you can apply for the JobKeeper Payment if:
To apply, you can register your interest to receive the JobKeeper Payment as self-employed via www.ato.gov.au from 30 March 2020. If you are self-employed without any employees, you will need to:
The ATO may assess eligibility using information provided in business activity statements, instalment activity statements, tax returns and single touch payroll systems.
Only one partner can be nominated to receive the JobKeeper Payment along with any other eligible employees, noting that a partner cannot be an employee.
Businesses run via a trust can receive the JobKeeper Payment for eligible employees of the trust. If beneficiaries receive distributions, rather than salary and wages for work done, only one individual beneficiary can be nominated to receive the JobKeeper Payment.
Only one director can be nominated to receive the JobKeeper Payment along with any other eligible employees of the company. The nominated director cannot receive the payment as an employee.
The following examples illustrate how the wage subsidies apply to payments to eligible employees, assuming the business qualifies for the JobKeeper Payment:
Example 1: Eligible employee who earns more than $1,500 per fortnight Arthur is an eligible permanent full-time employee receiving a salary of $3,000 pf before tax and continues to be employed. Arthur will receive the same salary, however, the employer will receive $1,500 per fortnight JobKeeper Payment to partially subsidise Arthur’s salary as long as the business remains eligible. The business will continue to pay Superannuation Guarantee (SG) on Arthur’s income.
Example 2: Eligible employee who earns $1,500 or less per fortnight Nora is a permanent part-time employee earning $1,000 pf before tax and continues to be employed. The business will increase her wages to $1,500 pf and will receive $1,500 pf which fully subsidises Nora’s salary. The business must pay SG on at least $1,000 of Nora’s income. It may choose to pay SG on the additional $500 pf Nora receives.
If you are an employee, you are eligible for the JobKeeper Payment if:
If your employer is eligible, they will notify you and all other employees who will receive the JobKeeper Payment.
If you’re an eligible employee, you will receive a minimum of $1,500 per fortnight, before tax. Your employer must withhold income tax as appropriate.
Depending on your circumstances, you may receive $1,500 per fortnight before tax in a number of different ways.
If you ordinarily receive $1,500 per fortnight of income before tax, you will continue to receive your regular income according to your workplace arrangements. The JobKeeper Payments will subsidise part, or all of, your income.
If you ordinarily receive less than $1,500 in income per fortnight before tax, your employer must pay you $1,500 per fortnight, before tax.
If you have been stood down, that is, you can’t be usefully employed and your employer is not required to pay your wages, your employer must pay you $1,500 per fortnight, before tax.
If you were employed on 1 March 2020, subsequently ceased employment and then were re-employed by the same eligible employer, you will receive $1,500 per fortnight, before tax.
From 28 September 2020, the standard rate of JobKeeper Payment will reduce in two stages as shown in the table below:
4 January 2021 to 28 March 2021
Businesses will need to nominate which payment rate applies for each eligible employee or eligible business participant.
Your employer still needs to pay your compulsory super contributions known as the Superannuation Guarantee. However, your employer is not required to pay Superannuation Guarantee on any JobKeeper Payment that exceeds your original fortnightly pay.
For example, if your original fortnightly pay was $1,000 and you now receive the $1,500 fortnightly JobKeeper Payment, your employer is only required to pay Superannuation Guarantee on $1,000
Employees If you are an employee with one employer, you will not have any further obligations. However, you will have additional obligations if:
If you have multiple employers, only one employer will be eligible to receive the payment. You will need to notify your primary employer to claim the JobKeeper Payment on your behalf. If you claim the tax-free threshold with an employer, this will, in most cases be sufficient notification that the employer is your primary employer.
If your primary employer is eligible, you will receive the minimum JobKeeper Payment of $1,500 per fortnight before tax from that employer.
Example – Michelle works multiple jobs Michelle currently works two permanent part-time jobs, one at an art gallery during weekdays, and the other at the local café on the weekend. Due to the impact of the Coronavirus, the gallery has closed, and Michelle has been stood down without pay under the Fair Work Act.
Michelle continues to work at the café delivering take-away orders. Michelle can only receive the JobKeeper Payment once, from the employer from whom she nominates as her primary employer. As Michelle only claims the tax-free threshold from her job at the art gallery, this will be treated as her nomination of the art gallery as her primary employer.
Assuming the art gallery is eligible for the JobKeeper Payment, the art gallery will pass the JobKeeper Payment on to Michelle. So, she will receive $1,500 per fortnight before tax. During the application process, the art gallery will notify the ATO that Michelle receives the payment from them. The art gallery is also required to advise Michelle that she has been nominated to the ATO as an eligible employee to receive the payment.
The café is not eligible to receive the JobKeeper Payment for Michelle. The income that Michelle receives from her job at the café does not change her entitlement to the JobKeeper Payment that she receives from the art gallery.
For further information about the JobKeeper Payment, employees should contact their employer or, if you’re self-employed or an employer, the ATO.
Important information: This document is issued by IOOF Investment Services Ltd (IISL) ABN 80 007 350 405, AFSL 230703. IISL is a company within the IOOF group which consists of IOOF Holdings Ltd ABN 49 100 103 722 and its related bodies corporate. This document contains general advice only and does not take into account your taxation and financial circumstances, needs and objectives. Before making any investment decisions, you should assess your own circumstances or seek advice from a financial adviser. Before you acquire a financial product, you should obtain and consider the Product Disclosure Statement available from us at www.ioof.com.au, by calling 1800 002 217 or from your financial adviser. While this information is believed to be accurate and reliable at the time of publication, to the extent permitted by law, no liability is accepted for any loss or damage as a result of reliance upon it. Neither IISL nor any company in the IOOF group guarantees the performance of any fund or the return of an investor’s capital. Examples are for illustrative purposes only and are subject to the assumptions and qualifications disclosed. Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future performance.